Related to radioactive decay: alpha decay , half life , radioactivity. Spontaneous disintegration of a radionuclide with the emission of energetic particles or radiation, such as alpha or beta particles or gamma rays. One or more different nuclei are formed and usually particles and gamma rays are emitted. Sometimes shortened to: decay Also called: disintegration. The spontaneous breakdown of a radioactive nucleus into a lighter nucleus. Radioactive decay causes the release of radiation in the form of alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays.
Radioactive carbon dating
RADIOACTIVE DATING - Definition and synonyms of radioactive dating in the English dictionary
Archaeologists use the exponential, radioactive decay of carbon 14 to estimate the death dates of organic material. The stable form of carbon is carbon 12 and the radioactive isotope carbon 14 decays over time into nitrogen 14 and other particles. Carbon is naturally in all living organisms and is replenished in the tissues by eating other organisms or by breathing air that contains carbon. At any particular time all living organisms have approximately the same ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14 in their tissues. When an organism dies it ceases to replenish carbon in its tissues and the decay of carbon 14 to nitrogen 14 changes the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon
The meaning of radioactive dating, trends of 'radioactive dating'
A form of radiometric dating used to determine the age of organic remains in ancient objects, such as archaeological specimens, on the basis of the half-life of carbon and a comparison between the ratio of carbon to carbon in a sample of the remains to the known ratio in living organisms. Also called carbon dating , carbon dating. The 14 C decays to the nitrogen isotope 14 N with a half-life of years. Measurement of the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in the material thus gives an estimate of its age.
Educalingo cookies are used to personalize ads and get web traffic statistics. We also share information about the use of the site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Meaning of "radioactive dating" in the English dictionary.